Lunar New Year – is called ” Tết Nguyên Đán” .It is the most important and popular holiday and festival in Vietnam. It takes place from the first day of the first month of the Lunar calendar (around late January or early February) until at least the third day. During Tết, Vietnamese visit their relatives and temples, forgetting about the troubles of the past year and hoping for a better upcoming year.. Let’s take a look at some traditions and customs typical of this special holiday in Vietnam.
Tet Market :
On the end of year, some days before Tet Holiday coming, many peoples, each family come to market to buy many things for preparing Tet. Buy many kinds of food, fruits, new clothes for children, décor house items ,…
Bánh chưng (Sticky square cake):
Bánh Chưng is a food made from glutinous rice, mung bean and pork, added with many other ingredients. Bánh Chưng is covered by green leaves (usually banana leaves) and symbolizes the Earth, invented by the prince Lang Liêu from Hùng King dynasty. Besides traditional reason, Bánh Chưng is chosen as the main food for Tết holiday
Making ” Bánh Chưng”
If “ Bánh Chưng “ is in North of Viet Nam , “Bánh Tét” is in the South of Viet Nam
“Bánh tét” is most popular in central and southern Vietnam. It’s cooked as similar as “ Bánh Chưng “
“Củ kiệu” is a kind of leeks, on Tet Vietnamese people usually use it with dried shrimp or can eat together with “Bánh tét”
Mứt (Candied fruits):
Mứt Tết (Tết jam) is not a food to serve in a meal during Tết holiday, but more like a snack to welcome guests in this special period. This once-in-year mix of snack is very large in variety, with so many tastes: ginger, carrot, coconut, pineapple, pumpkin, lotus seed, star fruit, etc…
At Tết every house is usually decorated by hoa mai – Ochna integerrima (in the central and southern parts of Vietnam) or hoa đào – peach flower (in the northern part of Vietnam) or hoa ban (in mountain areas). In the north or central, the kumquat tree is a popular decoration for the living room during Tết. Its bright orange-colored fruits represent the fertility and fruitfulness that the family hopes for in the coming year.
Lì xì (lucky money):
The first day of Tết is reserved for the nuclear family. Children receive a red envelope containing money from their elders. This tradition is called mừng tuổi (happy new age) in the north and lì xì in the south. Usually, children wear their new clothes and give their elders the traditional Tết greetings before receiving the money.